CONTROLLED METHOD OF DETERMINE GOLD MINERALIZATION POTENTIALS IN AN UNEXPLOITED AREA; A CASE STUDY OF ITAGUNMODI AND OSU, SOUTHWESTERN, NIGERIA
Journal: Earth Science Malaysia (ESMY)
Michael T. Asubiojo, Kazeem O. Olomo, Johnson Ajidahun, Toheeb O. Oyebamiji
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The research was conducted to open up further unexploited areas for gold mineral exploitation in part of Ilesha schist belt using geological and geophysical approach. Itagunmodi was used as a control in order to determine the mineralization potentials of Osu as a case study. Both towns lie within Ilesha schist Belt, Southwestern Nigeria. The residual magnetic anomaly map of the study area revealed magnetic low in the two towns indicating the presence of geological structure serving as a conduit for mineralizing fluid. Airborne radiometry interpretation showed that both Itagunmodi and Osu are affected by hydrothermal alteration which is an indication of gold mineralization. Overall interpretation of aeromagnetic and airborne radiometry datasets show that hydrothermal alteration generally is associated with fault and shear zones in the study area. The isolated altered zones were subjected to further investigation by using six samples of stream sediment collected along Imo (Itagunmodi) and Olomumu (Osu) stream channels for the grain size and geochemical analyses. The results from the grain size analysis revealed that sediments in both areas are fine to medium grained, poorly sorted, fine to moderately fine skewed, which implied fluvial depositional settings, and revealed that the occurrences of gold mineralization in both areas are of secondary deposits (alluvial). The concentration of identified trace elements as related to their threshold values revealed similar contents of low to high concentrations in both areas. The results of the analyses observed in Itagunmodi are similar to that of Osu, which implies that Osu is also mineralized will gold deposit.