GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GOLD-BEARING GRANITOIDS AT AYANFURI IN THE KUMASI BASIN, SOUTHWESTERN GHANA: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE OROGENIC RELATED GOLD SYSTEMS
Journal: Earth Science Malaysia (ESMY)
Author: Theophilus K. Agbenyezi, Gordon Foli, Simon K. Y. Gawu
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This study investigates auriferous granitoids from the Esuajah and Fobinso pits within the Ayanfuri environment in the Paleoproterozoic Kumasi basin. The aim is to establish the geochemical characteristics of the granitoid gold ores and the possible deposit type which may influence mineral project development. 13 major and 51 trace elements were analyzed using XRF and ICP-MS devices, respectively. The granitoids are mainly classified as granodiorite that crystallized from a calc-alkaline magma series. The Fobinso granodiorite derived from the partial melting of the Birimian metasedimentary rocks, while the Esuajah granitoid derived from igneous rock melts. The granitoid are linked to magma source depleted in mantle material that contains crustal components through subduction processes. Major oxides of the granitoid vary lowly from the average background values derived for basin type granitoid in such terrains. Generally, the granitoid are enriched in Large Ion Lithophile Elements (LILE), while High Field Strength Elements (HFSE) and base metals are within background values when compared to Primitive Mantle (PM) values. Gold mineralisation is associated with Ag, As, Bi, Sb, Te, Pb and S in the peraluminous granitoids. Geochemical characteristics and field observations identify the deposit style as an orogenic related gold deposit type.