CHIBOK RIFTO-MAGNETICS AND GEOLOGY
Journal: Earth Science Malaysia (ESMY)
Nsikak E. Bassey, Musa Hayatudeen, Nyakno J. George
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
On sheet 134 of the aeromagnetic map of Nigeria is a prominent northeast (NE) trending negative anomaly that extends for >20 km. This work reinterprets the anomaly using oasis montage™ 7.0 software, by inverse geological modelling of magnetic profiles. The aim of this work is to identify the Chibok magnetic anomaly as a plate tectonic feature, and as part of the West African Rift System. Three profiles were modelled across the residual magnetic anomaly, which yielded a depth range of 1 to 2 km. The result furnished a subsurface picture of ‘horst and graben’ which are characteristic of rifts. The sedimentary infill of the interpreted rift is considered to be sands/or sandstone due to the low magnetic anomaly. Sandstone has very low magnetic susceptibility [30 x106 emu (S.I.)] compared to granite and basalt. Geological data showed NW, NE, N-S, and E-W structural trends on the granitic basement. These manifest as faults, shear zones, joints and foliations. Emplacement of the Tertiary basalt in the NW of the area of study area showed planes of crustal weakness in the Precambrian basement. A palinspatic map of the area identified the pre-Tertiary geology. The sediment infill of the interpreted rift may serve as very rich aquifer for groundwater abstraction for irrigation in this semi-arid zone. The evidence of the plate tectonic nature of the interpreted rift indicated its alignment with offshore transform faults like Chain and Charcot as well as the Cameroun Volcanic Line.